Elizabeth "Lizzie" Jones Bolden (August 15, 1890 - December 11, 2006) was African American. When she passed away at age 116 years and 118 days, Lizzie was recognized by Guinness World Records as the world's oldest living
person. She was the last remaining documented person born in 1890 to pass away.
Lizzie born in 1890 in Somerville, Tennessee, was the daughter of freed
Elizabeth "Lizzie" Jones married Lewis Bolden circa 1908, and their first
child, a boy, Ezell, was born on September 21, 1909. She had seven children
in total, two of which were still alive as of her death in 2006: Queen
Esther Rhodes, 89, and Mamie Brittmon, 86. At the time of her 116th birthday
in August 2006, Lizzie had 40 grandchildren, 75 great-grandchildren, 150
2nd-great-grandchildren, 220 3rd-great grandchildren and 75 4th-great
Durning her final years Lizzie resided in a Memphis, Tennessee nursing home.
She was described by her family as unable to communicate, and requested
that media attention (such as interviews and visits) be limited. During her
reign as world's oldest person titleholder, Bolden was rarely seen in public
as she kept to herself.
Lizzie was photographed for two different books in early 2005, and was also
featured in Jet magazine in May 2005 and the Memphis Commercial Appeal in
June 2005. For the first time in over a year new photographs were released.
Her family said that she was looking forward to her big day.
Elizabeth Bolden was verified in April 2005 as being the oldest documented
resident of the United States since the death of Emma Verona Johnston the
previous December. She displaced Bettie Wilson, who had previously been the
oldest known American.
Lizzie Bolden regained the oldest living person title following the August
27, 2006 death of Marķa Capovilla . This was officially confirmed on
September 17, 2006 by Guinness World Records. She had previously held the
title from the August 30, 2005 death of Hendrikje van Andel. However, on
December 9, 2005, Marķa Capovilla was announced as authenticated older.
Bolden became only the second person to hold the title for two terms, the
first one being worldrecord holder Jeanne Calment.
In July 2006, Bolden entered the list of the all time top ten oldest
verified people. At the time of her death she was the 8th oldest person ever
In the 1900 U.S. Census, she is recorded as being nine years old and born in
August 1890, and in the 1910 U.S. Census she is recorded as 19 years old,
already married with a child. With the destruction of the Fayette County,
Tennessee records in a 1925 fire, the family had guessed that she was born
in 1891, but investigation proved she was a year older.
When Elizabeth Bolden died, the Los Angeles based Gerontology Research Group
and Guinness World Records named the successor of the title of the world's
oldest living person as Emiliano Mercado del Toro of Puerto Rico.
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